The analysis below covers all incapacity benefit cases of Incapacity Benefit (IB), Severe Disablement Allowance (SDA) or Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) where a date of death is recorded at the same time of the benefit off-flow, however as cause of death is not recorded [DWP] are unable to determine if the cause of death is related to the health issues leading to the incapacity benefit award.
It would be expected that the mortality rate amongst this group would be higher than that in the general population as some people receive incapacity benefits due to life-threatening conditions or terminal illness.
Off-flows – The total number of spells on benefit that ended. A person may flow on and off the same benefit more than once during the year. The datasets used in this analysis are quarterly and point in time, hence flows between these quarters (short-term claims) may not be captured and the figures are likely to be an underestimate.